Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease is not a dental condition but actually a group of disorders affecting the motor and peripheral nerves and is characterized by muscle weakness, atrophy and sensory loss. The disease is named for the three doctors (Jean-Martin Charcot, Pierre Marie and Henry Tooth) who first identified it in 1886. Symptoms may include decreased sensitivity to heat, touch or pain, muscle weakness in the hand, foot or lower leg, trouble with fine motor skills, loss of muscle mass in the lower leg and frequent tripping or falling. While there is no cure for CMT, treatment can help minimize symptoms. Treatments may include physical therapy, shoe orthotics, leg braces and surgery to correct deformities. Organizations exist to provide resources and support to individuals facing rare conditions. Information provided in part by our partner NORD.