Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

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Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD) is a group of conditions caused by alcohol consumption during pregnancy that result in physical, cognitive and behavioral problems. Signs and symptoms include abnormal facial features, small head size, short-than-average height, poor coordination, hyperactive behavior and learning disabilities. The most serious type of FASD is Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, which results in growth problems and nervous system abnormalities. Other conditions include Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder (ARND) and Alcohol-Related Birth Defects (ARBD). FASD are completely preventable if the mother does not drink alcohol during pregnancy or if she is trying to get pregnant.

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