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To the Employer Hesitant to Hire Someone Because of Autism


Dear Employer,

I understand you’re hesitant to hire someone because of an autism diagnosis. I think as much as an autistic employee deserves the chance to be hired, you also deserve a chance to understand autism and what makes an autistic employee a great addition to your workforce.

When a potential employee discloses she has autism, listen with an open mind and don’t jump to conclusions. Allow the candidate to educate you and take time to educate yourself. There can be a lot of misinformation about autism, especially in adults. Ask the candidate about organizations they would recommend for more information about autism.

Don’t let autism be the reason why you choose a different candidate. Choose the candidate who is the most qualified and who fits in with your vision and goals.

Here are some things that may help you when you decide to hire someone with autism spectrum disorder. It’s important to keep in mind that not all people with autism are the same. The tips I give you may not be applicable to all autistic employees.

1. Be accepting.

We are likely to do things you would consider unusual, such as make repetitive movements or repeat phrases. These are likely examples of stimming, scripting or echolalia, which are different forms of self-regulation. The ability to self-regulate allows autistics to cope with overwhelming environments and situations.

2. Be accommodating.

Often times, autistic employees will need breaks. This may go back to self-regulation and is not a sign of laziness. Personally, I may take a few minutes to go for a walk, spin in my chair or turn the lights off and rock. Taking a break allows me to be more productive in the long run.

3. Be predictable.

Apparently, this is difficult in an office environment. For many autistics, routine increases comfort and allows for a predictability that we may find difficult to come by. Many neurotypicals have told me plans change, and I have to be able to deal with it. It may be easy for you, but it’s extremely difficult for many people on the spectrum. If changes must be made, give as much warning and as much time as possible. Be patient and understand a change of plans may take some time from which to recover. Give your autistic employee the space and time necessary to recover.

4. Be respectful.

Social rules are often difficult for individuals on the spectrum. Eye contact may be difficult. Understand that the lack of eye contact may allow your autistic employee to listen better. Respect your autistic employee’s ability to answer for himself or herself. Sometimes, I have a difficult time getting the words out of my mouth. They get stuck. My silence doesn’t mean I don’t have an opinion. Be patient and give your employee time to formulate an adequate response. Alternative forms of communication may be easier for your autistic employee. For some autistics, writing or typing may be easier than speaking. Emails or texts may be the best form of communication for certain employees.

5. Be understanding.

Autistic people operate differently. Neurotypicals often see this manifest itself in stimming or other self-regulatory behaviors, but it begins in the brain. We see things differently. Problems can be solved in multiple ways. What may seem obvious to neurotypicals may not be obvious to someone on the spectrum. Conversely, an autistic employee may see a way to solve a problem a neurotypical wouldn’t. Presume competence. Trust your employee to do his job even if he does it differently than others.

Hiring an autistic employee may be the best decision you make as someone tasked with hiring. Autistic people can be loyal and passionate. We’re honest and not prone to prejudice or tied to social expectations. We will do our job to the best of our ability and will help you see the world differently. Best-selling author Temple Grandin says we are different, not less. Embrace different.

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Follow this journey on Erinmmckinney.

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To the Presidential Candidates Bringing Up Autism in the Debates


Dear So and So who wants my vote,

Hello! I see you’re trying to court a rapidly growing community. Smart move seeing how large the autism population and those who love and support them has grown. No debating with you on that one. This is more than just a special interest group. You clearly see we want changes, and we make that known at the polls.

Here’s the thing. (You knew that was coming. Sit down, Sir and/or Madam.) You think you know what it is we all want. It’s not as simple as you or your people are leading you to believe. Lesson one with autism: it’s never a simple thing.

Apparently, I was suppose to fall over or do backflips because autism was mentioned during the last Republican candidates’ debate. Did my you get my attention? Yes, but not in the way you wanted. All I heard was the same stuff that has been said far too often. The big old vaccine debate gets tossed around and lots of scary words like “epidemic” are bellowed from the podium. Cue the big applause from the audience. 

I’m not applauding a single one of those candidates for talking about autism. Why? Simply because they seem to forget time and time again that all these autistic kids they love to talk about will grow up. Yes Sir or Madam, these kids age! I know. It’s amazing how they grow taller and bigger! I’ve seen it with my very own eyes as my 11-year-old son puts on a pair of jeans that are now three inches too short. 

Candidates, just what are you going to do for these autistic children you love to talk about? As much as I joke about how I can’t die and I have to live forever for my son, let’s face reality. Someday, I will. Who will care for my adult child? Will my son be given the chance to have meaningful employment? Will he have access to proper medical care? Knock on wood, we have been lucky on the health front with our kid, but I know many more who have “autism and…” such as epilepsy, heart issues, diabetes, etc. What about them?

Often I see the government slash social services budgets to bits, citing welfare and Medicaid reform. Did you know our kids, the ones you love to talk about when you’re trying to get a vote, are the very ones who need it? You want me to be impressed you’re even bringing up autism. Impress me more by remembering how much our population depends on these programs you look to trim far too much. 

It’s great you’re talking about our kids. Don’t get me wrong there. Education and supports are so vital to our children, especially in the early years. Just don’t stop the conversation at “children.” Let’s expand that to “people.” Call me when you have some presentations to share about providing longterm health coverage, supports, employment and appropriate housing for autistic adults who need it. Then I’ll know you’re really thinking about our kids. 

Be careful when you go to throw out what you think is a buzzword or a good sound bite. We’re listening, and we’re voting.

Follow this journey on Autism With a Side of Fries.

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The Unique Way a Tour Guide Connected With My Son With Autism


Our family traveled to Great Britain this summer. It was a once-in-a-lifetime trip and an amazing opportunity to expose our son on the autism spectrum to new experiences and broaden his skills.

We met many people on our trip who were universally kind and professional. Some were the staff at the places we stayed. Some were the folks who sold us tickets or directed us at the sight-seeing locations we visited.

Our interactions with most people were brief, but there were some people, generally guides, with whom we interacted for longer periods of time.

There was one guide who was special: Charlie. 

When we met Charlie, we talked briefly about what we would be doing and seeing before we started the tour. As I stepped away to help our son with something, Charlie approached my husband to discuss the tour in more detail. Then we were off.

Charlie was knowledgeable and ably led our tour. After a while, I started to notice how Charlie really seemed to know how to talk to our son and how to engage him during the tour.

Our son connected with Charlie in a way he didn’t usually with people he had just met. Other guides we encountered had tried to engage our son with things they assumed he would be interested in, like Harry Potter or sports. Our son didn’t respond to these attempts, and the guides would give up.

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Charlie, on the other hand, listened to what our son talked about and then built conversations based on those interests.

I was impressed and very happy because our son was having a great time doing something he initially wasn’t really that interested in doing.

At one point in the tour, I had a chance to talk to Charlie alone. “You are amazing with him,” I said. “We didn’t mentioned this before, but he’s on the autism spectrum. You are really a natural at connecting with him.”

Charlie smiled a little shyly. “That’s because I am on the autism spectrum, too.”

Charlie realized our son was on the spectrum within minutes after meeting him. When we had stepped away prior to starting the tour, without disclosing the realization, Charlie had talked with my husband to modify the tour to better meet our son’s needs. He did things like:

• Limiting the tour to less crowded and noisy areas.

• Structuring the tour with defined sites, instead of a more free-flowing, flexible tour.

• Giving us ongoing reminders of where we were going and how many sites were left to see.

As we continued the tour, I thought about what a gift Charlie was. It was wonderful luck to have a tour guide who happened to be on the autism spectrum, who truly understood what being on the spectrum meant for our son and who was willing to quietly make changes to accommodate him.

Charlie had made the entire tour better for our son by just understanding him. 

And it was more than that. As I watched them interacting, I realized we were getting a glimpse of the future I would wish for my son.

I have often thought about what he might do — his education and career goals — and how to prepare him for that. Charlie was an example for our son of what autism looked like in an adult, in someone he respected and enjoyed.

Charlie helped our son on our tour and gave us a positive vision of a promising future. A great gift indeed.

Details in this article have been changed and obscured for privacy.

Follow this journey on Autism Mom.

When My Medically Fragile Son Can’t Tell Me What He’s Feeling


What’s it like having a medically fragile child who can’t tell you his symptoms or what his body is feeling?

You hold your breath. You check him over every day for any sign of illness, injury and you hope you find nothing. When there is an injury or illness, you hold you breath. You treat it and hope it doesn’t spread. You keep the dark thoughts in the back of your mind from entering your conscious mind. You pray the doctors are right in their diagnosis and are doing the right thing.

You spend a lot of time researching. And hoping. Hoping something will add up. Hoping the symptoms will come together and make sense.

You spend a lot time teaching. Teaching the language of pain. Hoping he will understand and be able to start telling you. And knowing how hard it is to teach your child the different types of pain. And silently crying on the inside when he does tell you the pain he’s in. Knowing every day he’s having pounding headaches and he’s telling you it feels like sharp knifes.

Then you call doctors. You research. You try to put the pieces together. Treatment begins and you hold your breath. You hope it’s the right thing. But you prepare for it if it’s not.

Sometimes you have to protect your child instead of being able to hug and kiss them. This may be one of the hardest things. When your job just becomes protecting and keeping him from hurting himself because the pain inside himself is too great, you often weep at night for the choices you must make. You just want to hug him and tell him it will be OK and you will make it better. Nothing breaks your heart more than watching him go through this. You feel helpless and try to stay calm and keep searching for answers.

It’s one thing to be medically fragile, but it’s another thing to not be able to explain your symptoms. Everything is locked up inside his body, and you feel like you have to be a behavior detective to figure out what the symptoms are and the cause of those symptoms. It’s a vicious circle. Through it all, you hold your breath. You love harder than most people can imagine because you never know what the next moment will bring. Will there be a dimple smile and tears of happiness or will it be cries of pain?

So you are often holding your breath. And loving. Loving harder than you ever thought imaginable. And when you hug, you hug deeper, stronger and longer than you knew was possible. And you live, live a fuller life than you ever imagined and cherish each moment your child is well and happy and smiling.

And you say I love you. Always. As much as possible. So he will always know your love is there and never wavering.

“When they ask how far love goes, when my job is done, you’ll be the one who knows.” — Dar Williams.

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Editor’s note: It is with a heavy heart we share the news that Kreed passed away on May 8, 2016. Our hearts are with his family, and we’re so grateful to help keep his memory alive on our site. He was truly one of the mighty.

 Follow this journey on Kreed’s World.

When a Delta Air Lines Pilot Gave My Son With Autism an Amazing Gift


Clicking through the Internet a few months ago, I stumbled upon a story about a girl with autism and her family who were escorted off a United Airlines flight. I cringed. You see, we were planning a trip that would involve four separate flights with Jonah, my very anxious, getting-bigger-than-his-mommy autistic son. It had been a while since we had flown, and I was hopeful this time would be better than the last. But after reading the story of what would be my worst nightmare, I wondered if the tolerance of the flying public had finally snapped.

There was nothing we could do but hope for the best and plan for the worst. And plan, we did.

Our son has an obsession. The one topic he can never get enough of is Delta Air Lines. Now mind you, that doesn’t necessarily mean he’s excited to get on an airplane. He just thinks that if you do so, it should be on Delta. For a few years now, he has been collecting anything that says Delta on it. Our wonderful friends and family always bring him whatever loot they can get off a flight, from wing pins to cookies and even napkins. A flight attendant friend once sent him a box of goodies that kept him happy for weeks.

So, of course, we booked our flights with Delta.

I need to stop this little tale for a second to tell you that having been a part of the special needs community for most of my life, I have observed a few things. And one of those things is this: There is a lot of entitlement that goes on in the hearts and minds of some of us.

Because my life has had this extraordinary challenge attached to it, I can have the belief, at times, that I deserve my fair share of special treatment. There is some truth in this because — I’m not gonna lie — we need a little extra help! But that doesn’t give us the right to be demanding or be ungrateful to those who must go the extra mile on our behalf.

So we planned. First, I planned out all the food and special treats Jonah would need over the course of those four flights. Nobody wants to sit next to a hungry kid. We also made sure there were toys, games and videos to help hold his interest.

Next, we turned our attention to those who would be serving us on the flights. We made a little note card and attached it to a candy bar and passed them out to the entire crew on every flight.

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The response from this little act of appreciation was absolutely amazing!

I’m happy to tell you there are some amazing men and women jetting all over the skies, and when you take a moment to truly appreciate their service, they will go above and beyond the call of duty. Such was our experience.

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We didn’t fly first class, but I felt like a celebrity on those flights. Each person working the flight took the time to find us and thank us for the goodies. They then proceeded to check on us on a regular basis to see if we needed anything. Each of them took a moment to acknowledge Jonah and bring him special stuff to make his flight more fun. On every flight, he was invited to the cockpit by the captain. And on the last leg of our journey, Captain Tim Garvin finally succeeded in getting Jonah to agree to visit the cockpit. You see, our kid was still a little nervous, but the kindness of the flight crew won him over.

Why am I sharing this story with you? Because I want to share with you that there are really wonderful strangers in the world, and when we treat them with kindness and appreciation, they will often respond in the most wonderful way.

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A few weeks after we came home from our trip, the postman left a package on our doorstep. I wasn’t expecting anything so I opened it with great curiosity. In it, I found the most amazing gift for our son. Captain Garvin, who had already exceeded his duty in his kindness to Jonah, wasn’t done yet.

Inside the box was a real, honest-to-goodness Delta captain’s hat! The beaming joy that sprung to my son’s face was priceless.

So if you find that the world is not quite meeting your expectations when it comes to your child with special needs, try a different approach. Kindness and gratitude has given us much more than an entitled attitude ever has.

A very special thank you to the wonderful people of Delta Air Lines for their extraordinary service and understanding they showed to one little autistic boy who will forever be their biggest fan!

Follow this journey on rohndasue.com.

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8 Things I Want My Employer to Know About My Autism and Me


I’m so thankful to have a full-time job. It’s the best job in the world, I think. I get paid to watch basketball and travel. Although the people I work with are amazing, there are a few things I want them to know.

1. I want to be pushed.

I appreciate the respect you have for me when you tell me I don’t have to go to meetings, but after a year on the job, I think I need to go.

2. I don’t want you to walk on eggshells.

Again, I appreciate the respect you have for me when you worry about things you ask of me, but I’m a professional. I’m not a charity case. You pay me to provide a service. Please expect and accept nothing but my best.

3. I have not reached my ceiling.

I’m 25 and I have a job that some people work their entire career to have. But I’m not satisfied. I don’t want to be here for the rest of my life. I want to continue to learn and improve, to move on, to continue doing things that people thought I’d never do.

4. I still like to be invited to lunches and meetings.

We all know that I’m likely to turn it down, but an invitation means so much to me. Whether you’re going to lunch or having a meeting, being invited means that I’m included, that you thought of me. I have a tendency to perseverate on things like not being invited. I think that means you don’t want me there. I know, in reality, you’re being respectful of what you think my wishes are, but being able to make decisions for myself is very empowering.

5. Be direct.

If you want something, tell me what you want. Phrases such as “I wish someone would…” are not helpful. Instead, say, “I want you to [insert task here] so that [insert purpose here].” If something I have done is incorrect or you wish I had done something differently, please tell me.

My brain is the worst kind of DVR. There’s no pause and there’s no delete. I replay every interaction, every conversation, every comment, everything over and over and over and over. So, regardless of whether something went wrong or went well, I’ve likely been replaying the occasion over and over in my head all day trying to figure out what happened exactly. I want to trust you will tell me when I mess up, so I can learn and do it differently in the future. And when I do it well, I can do it again.

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6. I want to learn from you.

There are a lot of things in this area I am not good at but I want/need to improve on. One great way for me to improve is to watch you. What you do requires such a high level of interpersonal skills, eye contact, conversations, nonverbal communication. These are things that don’t come naturally to me. I wish I could shadow you, listen to your phone calls, follow you on tours — learn how you do what you do. You are so good at it. I have future goals and aspirations that require me to improve in these areas.

7. When I need a break, I’ll let you know.

Sometimes, I just need five minutes to bounce or spin in my chair. I need to turn my lights off and be quiet or go for a walk. One thing that I love about you is that when I tell you I want to go for a walk, you are always willing to come, too.

8. Most people with autism don’t get to work with incredible people like you.

You are kind. You show up with random things that you think I might like, like puzzles or Minions. You entertain my likes and my preferences, rather than chide me for acting childish. You are accommodating. You let me stim and chew without making fun of me or getting upset with me. You are so conscientious of how you approach me, of my dislike of being touched. You make sure I go to all my appointments, even though I have to miss work for them. When I ran out of medicine, you didn’t send me away. You asked how to help. You always ask how to help. You are so good to me. You respect me as a professional, and more importantly, as a person.

I’m so thankful. I’m thankful to work with an incredible staff who looks out for each other. In my wildest dreams, I could not have imagined working with such an amazing group of people. As we continue to build a culture and set the standard, I also want to set a standard for myself. I want to be held to the highest standard. I hope these eight things will help you as you learn more about what I want for myself, what I expect for myself and what I want you to expect of me. You treat me so well that I want to be better than you ever thought I could be. I want to be my best for you.

Follow this journey on Erinmmckinney.

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