A diabetes diet, in general, looks pretty much like a healthy diet for everybody that includes fruits, vegetables, healthy fats, and lean proteins, but has less salt, sugar, and foods high in refined carbohydrates (cookies, crackers, and soda). Carbohydrate intake depends on your age, activity level, and medications.
Chronic Kidney Disease diets favor foods that give you energy and nourishment while avoiding or limiting certain foods that can damage your kidneys. Dietary advice will vary depending on if you have early-stage or late-stage CKD or are on dialysis.
Many foods that are part of a typical healthy diet may not be right for a CKD diet. Here's some general tips especially for people with kidney disease from the CDC:
- Eat less salt/sodium. That’s a good move for diabetes and really important for CKD.
- Focus on fresh, homemade food and eat only small amounts of restaurant and packaged foods.
- Look for low sodium (5% or less) on food labels.
- Depending on your stage of kidney disease, you may also need to reduce the potassium, phosphorus, and protein in your diet. The right level of potassium keeps your nerves and muscles working well. Too much potassium can build up in your blood and cause serious heart problems.
- Eat the right amount of protein. More protein makes your kidneys work harder and may make CKD worse, however too little isn’t healthy either.
Before starting any new medical treatment or diet, please consult with your doctor or a licensed healthcare professional.
Click the link below for Kidney Disease Diet Tips for People with Diabetes from Very Well Health:
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