Intellectual Disability

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Intellectual Disability
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    Community Voices

    I am much smarter than I think I am

    I thought I have Intellectual Disability, but I am much more intelligent than I give myself credit for. I just only learn things based on my restricted interests.

    Forensics is my restricted interest.

    Community Voices

    Hi aĺl

    So I have bi polar 2 anxiety depression cpsd ptsd and teleplis and autism and a mild intellectual disability scoliosis #bi polar sucks #misunderstood

    So only a few years been diagnosed with autism being female you know it is what happens

    I find it so hard in the community
    Who else does
    Where do I fit
    I function like a so called norm
    But don't understand conversation enough or social....
    Why is it that if you are not fully unfunctional that people lump everyone together oh it's disability not being able to see each person and putting people who have high behaviours above others....

    Community Voices

    My explanation why some criminals are part of the ASD community.

    Most studies say that people with ASD are more likely to be victims than being perpetrators. While that is true, that statement is too broad, people with co-morbid diagnosis of Intellectual Disability and Autism are actually 20 times more likely to be victims than being perpetrators, compared to people who are on the higher functioning end of the autistic spectrum. Another problem why that statement from most studies is too broad, it is because the diagnostic criteria for Pervasive Developmental Disorders became more broad for the last decade and it was lumped as Autism Spectrum Disorder, and it's broad to the point where even some people with Antisocial Personality Disorder can be considered to have Autism Spectrum Disorder.

    A lot of you guys wonder why more criminals happen to have a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder than a decade earlier, it is because the diagnostic criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder is a lot more broad than it was a decade ago. It was thought that only people with Intellectual Disabilities have Pervasive Developmental Disorder, but after few years, they made the diagnostic criteria for ASD more broad to include people who have symptoms of PDD but without Intellectual Disability, and after few more years, the diagnostic criteria became more broad to include Asperger Syndrome. And In 2013, it was lumped as Autism Spectrum Disorder, and recently it was lumped as Autism Spectrum Disorder in ICD-11.

    It's true that most people with ASD are more likely to be victims than perpetrators, but if we get more technical, people who have ASD without Intellectual Disability are more likely to commit crimes than people who are Intellectually Disabled. There are some people with Intellectual Disability that commit crimes, but it's so rare, because the diagnostic criteria for Intellectual Disability includes problems with Intellectual and adaptive functioning. People with ASD without Intellectual Disability are able to do neurotypical tasks and some people with ASD without Intellectual Disability are able to defend themselves than people with Intellectual Disability.

    Since the diagnostic criteria for Autism became more broad in the last decade, I wonder if I am correct that there are some crimes that with ASD without Intellectual Disabilities are more likely to commit, but due to lack of social skills and repetitive behaviors.

    You guys are wondering why more criminals happened to have ASD than a decade ago, it's because the diagnostic criteria for Pervasive Developmental Disorders became more broad in the last decade and lumped it as Autism Spectrum Disorder in recent years.

    There are a lot of people that say it's impossible to have Antisocial Personality Disorder and ASD, but the problem is that the diagnostic criteria for ASD is much more broad than a decade ago, that it's is considered possible to have comorbid diagnosis of Antisocial Personality Disorder and ASD.

    Now, you know why more criminals happened to have ASD than a decade ago.

    Community Voices

    Going back to my childhood.

    I asked here what Unspecified Intellectual Disability means. At first, I thought I am only bad at academics and had severe communication delays, but as an adult, I found out that I have severe problems with learning from experience, problem solving and milder problems with adaptive functioning, and especially from looking through my IEP and medical records.

    My symptoms of Intellectual Disability is so mild, that it took 20 years for me to find out about my symptoms of Intellectual Disability. I am 21 years old now.

    My IQ can very, but historically, it was very low for my age.

    I only meet 6 out of 9 symptoms of Intellectual Disability.

    I can reason most of the time, and I can make logical arguments.

    2 people are talking about this
    Community Voices

    What is Unspecified Intellectual Disability?

    When I got older, I looked through my very old and outdated document that is mostly written in Hebrew, and at the bottom of the page, they wrote in English that they suspected that I have PDD-NOS and Mental Retardation Unspecified.

    I know that I have a diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder, but I don't know if I have a diagnosis of Mental Retardation Unspecified.

    What is Mental Retardation Unspecified?

    Updated question, what is Unspecified Intellectual Disability?

    I really don't like the word "Unspecified", because it doesn't really explain what is wrong with me.

    3 people are talking about this
    Jodi Grubb

    Seeing Beyond Tests and Supporting All Students as Special Educator

    “I have come to believe that a great teacher is a great artist and that there are as few as there are any other great artists. Teaching might even be the greatest of the arts since the medium is the human mind and spirit.”– John Steinbeck In high school, I drew the picture on the below during art class. I worked as hard as I could. I remember determinedly trying to use shading techniques like I was shown. It took a lot longer than it looks. It was one of my best pieces. Renowned artist, Phillip Philbeck, painted this picture below. I have three of his landscapes hanging in my house. He graduated a year before I did. We had the very same art teacher, Doug Pruett. I remember Mr. Pruett’s teasing grin as he tapped his fingers on his desk saying, “I just don’t have the talent in here I had last year.” If Mr. Pruett’s teaching abilities were judged solely on the artwork we produced, Phillip would be making him look pretty dang good. Me? Eh. I mean really, is that the best he could do with me? I should be pretty ticked in comparison. Except that I remember Mr. Pruett as one of my greatest teachers — someone who had an impact on my life, a true artist who shaped my mind and spirit. I’m sure it took way more skill and creativity and a whole lot more patience to teach me, than it did to teach Phillip. The truth is, I could take art classes until my last breath, and I would never have landscapes hanging in anybody’s house. But you know, since I still remember the term cross hatch and dipping a pencil eraser in ink to give my football texture, I must’ve been proud of my work. Although there’s no way to measure it on any standardized test, that’s what makes Mr. Pruett a great teacher. He recognized my individual potential and weaknesses, and yet I left his class with a lifelong confidence in my creativity and a desire to always find a way to express myself. Mr. Pruett inspired me to be my personal best and to realize there is no one standard of beauty or one single measure of success. He could’ve crushed my spirit by holding me to Phillip’s standards (or pretty much any other kid in the class), but he chose to focus on my strengths instead. As I recently administered standardized testing myself as a special education teacher, I thought about this a lot. I thought about it every time a student significantly affected by autism spoke one of the three words he is beginning to use to ask for something rather than take it by force. I thought about it when I was required to ask him to “solve for x” on a 7th grade math test. I thought about it when I watched tears well up in a teacher’s eyes who just gave an 8th grade reading test to many students who came to her barely reading at a 3rd grade level. I thought about it when she whispered, “What can I possibly say to convince them how much they’ve grown, when they make another Level 1 on another standardized test?” I thought about it as I tried to find words to convince her of the infinite ways she helped them grow, when they made another Level 1 on another standardized test in her class. Not to take anything away from teachers and students who performed well—I love my Phillip Philbeck paintings. They need to be admired and gazed upon. But so do the best attempts at footballs and tennis shoes. There are some teachers whose hard work and passion and insight will never pay off in excellent test scores, but their impact will be manifested in countless other ways. To the true artist teachers who wonder how those kids who struggle academically will know how much they’ve grown, I just wanted to tell you about Doug Pruett. If you spent every single day for nine months focusing on a child’s strengths and pouring your heart into working with the most precious of mediums, you can’t help but have positively shaped minds and spirits. I am certain that you’ve helped instill in your students a lifelong confidence in their personal worth that will stay with them long after test scores are forgotten.

    Larissa Martin

    Treat Me as an Adult With Cerebral Palsy, Not the Child I Used to Be

    I am a person with a disability (I have cerebral palsy, am an amputee, a wheelchair user and I also have an intellectual disability). I am 32 years old and have accomplished many things in my life, personally and career-wise. Whether it be the philanthropic work I have done throughout my life or changing careers in my late 20s to become a writer, one thing has always remained true — my mom has always been very overprotective of me. I get that honestly, I do. A parent will always see their children as their babies, no matter how old they are, disabled or not. I have faced infantilization for years by my mom and other family members because of my disabilities. First off, what does this mean? Infantilization is when an adult is being treated like a child, even though nothing about their mental, physical, social, or intellectual wellbeing requires such treatment. Oftentimes, parents are guilty of this to some degree as their children are growing up, particularly when they are teenagers and trying to forge their path. For me, this includes having things done when I didn’t ask for them myself. Let’s say I have a plate of food and I am struggling to put it in a pile. I will be working on doing that myself and even though my mom knows I am very capable of doing it, she will just take the spoon or fork out of my hand and do it anyway. My mom also wants me to do things that she thinks I want rather than actually asking me or giving me other options. I feel that some of my family don’t want to see my growth. Recently, I was on the phone with my uncle who was telling me I need change, how good it can be, and how I need it to grow. If my uncle got a chance to really know me now and see how much I have grown, maybe he would better understand me. He said I was just comfortable where I was, which is true, but he tried to convince me that my mom and I should move closer to him in light of a recent tragic loss for my family. I get his concern and I heard him out but when I tried to voice my opinion, he kept repeating what he had said earlier. I ended up just “yessing” him. I didn’t know what else to do at the time. I just wanted our phone conversation to be over. I felt so invalidated at that moment. I feel like no matter what I accomplish or no matter how independent I try to become, for certain members of my family and in society, I will forever be a child instead of a grown woman who has her wants and needs. I won’t be seen as someone who has grown so much from the 26-week-old baby fighting for her life. When people chose not to see that as a problem that they need to address, not me, I used to feel the need to people please. I felt like I had to do things to make others happy, and I have done that for far too long. It’s time I do things that make me happy. I feel like oftentimes parents, caregivers, family members, etc. of those with disabilities see those people they love not as grown people with their own lives and needs, etc. but as they wish to see them — as children. It’s easier for them to baby them and still feel wanted and needed than encourage them to be independent. I feel like I am not the only one that can relate to this. I wish families of those with disabilities and society would see us as we are, capable of so much. We deserve so much better — to see us as we are, not as you wish for us to be.

    What It's Like to Work as Someone With an Intellectual Disability

    I have had many jobs in my life. But I have never worked as a dishwasher until I worked at Purdue University. I like working there and all, but the past few months I’ve had tennis elbow. I don’t know if I was lifting things in their dishwasher the wrong way or not. Two months ago, my left arm started hurting and I went to Urgent Care and they told me I had golf elbow. Which anyone can get, but my disability includes benign hypertension which is muscle weakness. But working at Purdue was a good experience for me. I’ve been working since I was 15. I had a few good jobs in my day. I worked in retail for almost 20 years. Some of the guests would get upset when I paused to think for a few minutes on the phone. I know it’s “get the manager” time then. I remember one woman said, “You don’t know what you’re talking about, do you?” No, you don’t understand — I have a disability. It takes me more time to think about stuff. Employers just don’t understand how to deal with people with intellectual disabilities. There should be a manual on how to hire, train, and keep workers with intellectual disabilities. That’s why there’s Special Olympics Athlete Leadership University. Athletes can take different courses to graduate. I have graduated in Communications, Governess, Sports, and Technology. I especially like Communications and Technology — those were the ones I was best at. I have given a lot of speeches over the years to organizations and a few schools. I’m getting to the point that I would like to talk to employers about hiring people with disabilities. They need to take the time to see if the person they hire can do the job right that is given to them. If not, the company needs to hire a job coach so the employee doesn’t need to have someone constantly watching over them. This is what a job coach is supposed to do. When I first worked at Purdue they said I should get a job couch. This was many years ago. I’ve had a few job coaches, but they didn’t really help. In my experience, they just stand there and talk to you and see how you’re doing. I have some friends at work at the dining court that still have a job coach. I noticed when I was in the dish room, a job coach would come in but they would just stand around and watch the workers. They didn’t seem to help them out at all, just asked how their work was going and everything like that. I am trying to look for jobs. I tried applying for unemployment also, because I don’t qualify for SSI. I guess the government doesn’t think I’m disabled enough. I know God doesn’t give you more than you can handle, but dealing with my health insurance is more than I can handle. My only choice is being on Healthy Indiana Plan 2.0. Luckily my mom can help me do most of that. She’s been dealing with that kind of stuff with my grandma. But when my mom and dad pass, my sister and brother are going to have to take over. Luckily my brother works at Area 4 Agency on Aging and knows what he’s doing. I think that it’s time for a change in jobs. I have 20 more years before I can retire. I am a people person; my dad thought I should be a CNA. Based on what I hear from other people, I don’t think I can do that. My handwriting is not good. I have a hard time writing notes. What I’d really like is to just visit with those that are lonely and need someone to talk to. Because I am best at that. I recently applied for an activity assistant job but they wanted you to lift 50 pounds, which I can’t do right now. I told them maybe in a few months. I would love that kind of job. I would have a bunch of ideas about doing different activities. I’ve tried lots of different things to help my golf elbow heal. I use BML muscle rub, copaiba essential oils (on the parts that hurt and as a pill). I should have listened to my doctor and taken anti-inflammatory drugs to let my arms heal. I wanted to see if they could heal on their own. I kept putting ice packs on my arms. I hope I find a new job. But we will see what happens. If you would like your doctor to know more or learn more about people with intellectual disabilities, have them go to this link: Inclusivehealth.SpecialOlympics.Org

    Community Voices
    Community Voices

    The problems with the differences between PDD-NOS and Asperger Syndrome

    I feel like the difference between PDD-NOS and Asperger Syndrome is arbitrary, if we stop paying attention to speech delay and some form of Intellectual Disability, the symptoms of both Asperger Syndrome and PDD-NOS is the same, no difference, but with arbitrary distinctions, Asperger Syndrome doesn't include speech delay and some form of Intellectual Disability.

    The problem is that there are some people that have a diagnosis of Asperger Syndrome, but have milder form of speech delay and Intellectual Disability.

    My friend said that he has Asperger Syndrome and I told him that it is a milder form of Pervasive Developmental Disorder, but he said that it is different, because it is considered to be a higher-functioning form of Autism. It could be an aspie superiority complex, but having that kind of mindset is not good, because he does understand what it is like to have ASD in general, because he told me that he has hard time having conversation with people and I notice that he has some restricted interests.

    That is another reason why arbitrary distinctions of PDDs is not helpful, because the way you function can fluctuate. Heck, I feel like a person with Asperger Syndrome, even though I only had an outdated diagnosis of PDD-NOS, but in modern days, I am just considered to have ASD.

    3 people are talking about this