Obsessive Compulsive Disorder - OCD
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is a condition in which you have frequent unwanted thoughts and sensations (obsessions) that cause you to perform repetitive behaviors (compulsions). The repetitive behaviors can significantly interfere with social interactions and performing daily tasks.
OCD is usually a life-long (chronic) condition, but symptoms can come and go over time.
Person with the obsessive compulsive disorder present with a wide variety of symptom including, persistent, unwanted thoughts, impulses or images (obsessions). They perform irritating, often seemingly purposeful, ritualized behaviors (compulsions) in order to neutralize or to reduce the thought.
Repetitive and unpleasant, with at least one obsession or compulsion recognized as excessive or unreasonable. The persisting symptoms last for at least 50 to 60 minutes a day or considerably interfering with normal functioning.
The common obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors include:
-Obsessive cleaning, washing hands, household works to reduce an exaggerated fear of contamination is common.
-Obsessive fears about harm occurring to themselves or others which can result in compulsive behaviors.
-Repeatedly counting items or objects, such as bottles, clothes or pavement blocks while walking, junk mail and old newspapers.
Related Disorders of Obsessive-Compulsive
There are several disorders that seem to be related to OCD. They share similar features such as intrusive thoughts and/or repetitive behaviours. Although similar, there are important differences to consider when looking at effective treatments.
The disorders include:
-Body Dysmorphic Disorder – Preoccupation with an imagined or slight flaw in one’s appearance. BDD often includes repetitive behaviors that are done in response to appearance concerns.
-Trichotillomania Disorder – Compulsive hair pulling to the point of noticeable hair loss.
-Excoriation Disorder – Compulsive skin-picking resulting in noticeable damage to the skin.
-Hoarding Disorder – Persistent difficulty getting rid of possessions because of a perceived need to save them.
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