Body Dysmorphic Disorder

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Body Dysmorphic Disorder
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    Sharing-2.3

    When She'd Go Into The Last Pt. Of The Cycle She Gather Us Together & Give Us A Lecture.
    A Lecture About How We Should Feel Bad,How It Was Our Fault Her Current Diet Failed, Etc..
    I Learned To Just Tune Her Out Because She Wasn't Worth Listening To.
    Sometimes She'd Catch Me & I'd Get Spanked & Punished.//
    As An Adult:
    This Contributed To My Having Body Dysmorphia
    My Issues With Food Came From This
    &
    My Issues With Diets & Eating Healthy Came From This.
    Examples:
    I Was Forced To Go On A Diet For My Acid Reflux, For Awhile, & I Became Physically Ill.
    I Had To Stay Shut Down Half The Time & Numbed Out The Rest Of The Time Because I Couldn't Handle This.
    (This Was A Few Yr.s Back.)//
    With Food, Any Food, I've Had Trouble.
    I've Had Trouble Eating Because I Didn't Feel Like I Was Worthy.
    There Have Been Times Where The Struggle Was SO Great I'd Become Physically I'll & Would Just Not Eat For That Day.//
    &, Last Example,
    I'd Have Periods Where I'd Binge On Junk-Alot!.
    I'd Shut Down & I'd Eat Junk.
    Not In Excessive Portions But That Would Be My Meal.
    This All Was Awhile Back When I Was In My 20s.
    I'm Older,More Mature, & Alot Wiser Now.
    I've Overcome The Majority Of This Through Hard Work.
    The Only One That Pops Up On Occassion Is:
    Where I Struggle To Eat & See Myself As Worthy Of Eating.
    It Takes Awhile But I Always Manage To Wrestle It Back Down & I'm Genuinely Proud Of Myself.
    I've Still Got SO Much To Overcome YET I've Overcome SO Much Already.
    As Well, I've Gained Wisdom.

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    Symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder

    #BodyDysmorphicDisorder

    Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), occasionally still called dysmorphophobia, is a mental disorder characterized by the obsessive idea that some aspect of one's own body part or appearance is severely flawed and therefore warrants exceptional measures to hide or fix it. In BDD's delusional variant, the flaw is imagined. If the flaw is actual, its importance is severely exaggerated.

    Symptoms of body dysmorphic disorder may include a person:

    -strongly (but incorrectly) believing they have a physical defect that makes them ugly

    -frequently checking their appearance in mirrors, or avoiding mirrors

    -wearing a lot of make-up or growing a beard as cover

    -spending a lot of time grooming

    -constantly comparing their appearance to others

    -seeking reassurance regarding their appearance

    -following a strict diet

    -exercising excessively or weight lifting

    -taking anabolic steroids or dietary supplements

    -undergoing cosmetic surgery

    -tanning excessively

    -compulsively picking at their skin

    -frequently touching parts of the body they don’t like

    -avoiding going out or being with other people, or being photographed

    You can refer to this:

    resiliens.com/resilify/program/dealing-with-body-dysmorphia

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    What is body dysmorphia?

    #BodyDysmorphicDisorder

    Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD), occasionally still called dysmorphophobia, is a mental disorder characterized by the obsessive idea that some aspect of one's own body part or appearance is severely flawed and therefore warrants exceptional measures to hide or fix it. In BDD's delusional variant, the flaw is imagined. If the flaw is actual, its importance is severely exaggerated.

    Either way, thoughts about it are pervasive and intrusive, and may occupy several hours a day, causing severe distress and impairing one's otherwise normal activities. BDD is classified as a somatoform disorder, and the DSM-5 categorizes BDD in the obsessive–compulsive spectrum, and distinguishes it from anorexia nervosa.

    BDD is estimated to affect from 0.7% to 2.4% of the population. It usually starts during adolescence and affects both men and women. The BDD subtype muscle dysmorphia, perceiving the body as too small, affects mostly males. Besides thinking about it, one repetitively checks and compares the perceived flaw, and can adopt unusual routines to avoid social contact that exposes it.

    Fearing the stigma of vanity, one usually hides the preoccupation. Commonly unsuspected even by psychiatrists, BDD has been underdiagnosed. Severely impairing quality of life via educational and occupational dysfunction and social isolation, BDD has high rates of suicidal thoughts and attempts at suicide.

    You can refer to this:

    resiliens.com/resilify/program/dealing-with-body-dysmorphia

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    I’m new here!

    Hi, my name is emaya. I’m undiagnosed for borderline but diagnosed with bdd.

    #MightyTogether #BodyDysmorphicDisorder #BorderlinePersonalityDisorder

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    Treatment options for body dysmorphic disorder

    #BodyDysmorphicDisorder

    Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT)

    CBT is a form of talking therapy that aims to show connections between your thoughts, feelings and behaviors. It can also help you develop practical skills to manage them. Sometimes this involves using self-help materials such as books or computer programs.

    The treatment you're offered may depend on the severity of your symptoms, but ideally you should be given CBT before you're prescribed any medication. It can be delivered via telephone, video, or face to face with a therapist. Either one-to-one or in a group.

    The aim of CBT for BDD is to help you feel less anxious about your body by:

    -Helping you change your attitude to body image and physical appearance

    -Exploring your worries about your perceived physical flaw(s)

    -Reducing your need to carry out compulsive behaviors

    Medication

    You may be prescribed antidepressants, either on their own or in combination with CBT, if:

    -CBT isn't successful in treating your BDD

    -Your BDD is moderately to severely affecting how you live your day-to-day life

    The type of antidepressant your GP provides will usually be a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI). These can help reduce obsessive thoughts and behaviors.

    SSRIs can cause unpleasant side effects for some people, so it's a good idea to discuss this with your GP before starting. You can also take a look at our information on what you should do before starting medication.

    If a first course of SSRIs and more intensive CBT isn't effective, the next step is usually to try a different SSRI or another antidepressant called clomipramine.

    You can refer to this:

    resiliens.com/resilify/program/dealing-with-body-dysmorphia

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    Muscle dysmorphia symptoms

    #BodyDysmorphicDisorder

    Although body dissatisfaction has been found in boys as young as age six, muscle dysmorphia's onset is estimated at usually between ages 18 and 20. According to DSM-5, muscle dysmorphia is indicated by the diagnostic criteria for body dysmorphic disorder via "the idea that his or her body is too small or insufficiently muscular", and this specifier holds even if the individual is preoccupied with other body areas, too, as is often the case.

    Further clinical features identified include excessive conduct of efforts to increase muscularity, activities such as dietary restriction, over-exercise, and injection of growth-enhancing drugs. Persons experiencing muscle dysmorphia generally spend over three hours daily pondering increased muscularity, and may feel unable to limit weightlifting.

    As in anorexia nervosa, the reverse quest in muscle dysmorphia can be insatiable. Those suffering from the disorder closely monitor their body and may wear multiple clothing layers to make it appear larger.

    Muscle dysmorphia involves severe distress at having one's body viewed by others. Occupational and social functioning are impaired, and dietary regimes may interfere with these. Patients often avoid activities, people, and places that threaten to reveal their perceived deficiency of size or muscularity.

    Roughly half of patients have poor or no insight that these perceptions are unrealistic. Patient histories reveal elevated rates of diagnoses of other mental disorders, including eating disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and substance use disorder, as well as elevated rates of suicide attempts.

    You can refer to this:

    resiliens.com/resilify/program/dealing-with-body-dysmorphia

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    Do you avoid using mirrors? Why do you avoid using mirrors?

    You may have body dysmorphic disorder, or you may have another mental illness that is causing this to happen. #ubpd #Bpdways #mentaldisorder #BodyDysmorphicDisorder

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    Self help for body dysmorphic disorder

    #BodyDysmorphicDisorder #BDD

    1: Refocus your attention

    Aside from seeking professional help, remember that self-help can be a powerful tool. Compulsive thoughts and behaviors do not need to control your life.

    Refocusing your attention on the present moment takes time to learn, but has huge benefits for your mental and physical health. There are two strategies that may help: mundane task focusing and a more formal meditation practice. These two coping mechanisms complement each other and can become part of your daily routine.

    2: Practice self-compassion

    Along with meditation, self-compassion is another form of mindfulness. Studies indicate that individuals with higher levels of self-compassion have fewer body dysmorphic symptoms. Focus on ways this can be applied to your daily life to help ease your stress and anxiety. Learning to accept your imperfections, especially during challenging times, is part of embracing self-compassion.

    Most of us treat others with more kindness than we do ourselves. Negative self-talk only leads to more scrutiny about our appearance and distorted self-image. This inner dialogue may become so familiar to us, that we don’t even notice this harmful ritual. Think about how you would speak to a friend or loved one and apply the same caring tone and empathy to yourself. Expressing love and acceptance to ourselves, despite our flaws, is a significant step in the healing process.

    People who have experienced abuse and neglect are more likely to engage in self-criticism. When you practice self-compassion, you are still aware of hurtful thoughts and emotions, but you don't blow them out of proportion. Once you begin to notice the negative self-talk, you can make a concerted effort to say positive affirmations instead.

    3: Start a journaling habit

    Writing your thoughts, feelings, and emotions down in a journal or diary is a great way to express yourself. It doesn’t need to be a long, formal entry and it’s not about correct spelling or grammar. This exercise can be as simple as jotting down a few words. Set aside a few minutes each day and just let it flow naturally. It may be helpful to have a designated time to do this and utilize the same journal or app.

    Writing down your thoughts and emotions can assist with identifying and working through distressing days. You may be surprised about much this tool reduces your anxiety and lifts your mood. Journaling can also be a way to prioritize the problems you’re facing. By keeping track of your BDD symptoms, you can pinpoint the triggers and focus on controlling them more effectively with mindfulness and meditation.

    4: Reduce negative predictions

    Once you become more skilled at managing your thoughts, you can use these coping strategies to talk yourself down before you face a triggering situation. This could be anywhere that you feel self-conscious about your appearance, such as a birthday party or a work conference with a room full of strangers.

    If you have BDD, you may find yourself defaulting to negative predictions about how a particular event will go. You may start to imagine the worst: that everyone will make fun of you, for example, or that you’ll find yourself sitting alone because nobody wants to associate with you because of your perceived “flaw”. In truth, though, reality is much less distressing.

    5: Seek social support

    Support is available to you from many different sources, so remember to keep the lines of communication open. Make sure that you don’t isolate yourself from others. Your close network of family and friends cares deeply about your health and well-being.

    You can refer to this:

    resiliens.com/resilify/program/dealing-with-body-dysmorphia

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