Self-harm is a term that has historically been used to cover a broad range of behaviors. It refers to deliberately causing pain or damage to your own body, and can be suicidal or non-suicidal in intent. Self-injury is a type of self-harm, and refers to deliberately causing pain or damage to your own body without suicidal intent.
Self-injury is more common in young people. Some people who self-harm may also have suicidal thoughts.
There is not just one factor that contributes to self-harm. Instead, there are a variety of biological and environmental issues known to cause self-harm, including:
-Having friends or family members who self-injure
-Experiencing stressful life situations like traumatic events, family instability and sexual identity uncertainty
-Living in social isolation
-Mental health conditions, like depression, anxiety and personality disorders
-Drug and alcohol use or addiction
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